the name of Allah the merciful and compassionate, this is
the writ of protection [aman] which the servant of God, Omar,
commander of the faithful, gives to the people of Aelia [the
usual name for Jerusalem in the early Muslim period]... for
their souls, their property, their churches, their crosses,
the sick and the healthy, and their whole community..."
The treaty contained several clauses….., the security
for life and property; security for the churches and for ritual
worship; freedom to choose whether to remain in the city or
to leave in safety.